Things to consider for a smart house

High flexibility is one of the most important parameters for choosing a home automation system. Thanks to it, you can reprogram the system many times and adjust to the current needs of residents, expand and add new devices and functions in the future. The possibility of expansion depends, however, on the good design and type of intelligent technology used.

So-called closed systems offer products (technology, programs, devices, etc.) of only one manufacturer. By choosing this type of system, investors cannot take advantage of products from other companies. Quite the opposite is in the so-called open systems. Software, devices, and accessories for them are generated by many programmers and many companies. One of the popular open systems suitable for single-family housing is, for example, the KNX system, formerly known as EIB. All products used in this system are compatible, although they are manufactured by over 100 companies.

Intelligent systems are not cheap, so it is better to ensure that they perfectly serve the individual requirements of each household member and the building they live in. Before carrying out the project, it is worth knowing the possibilities of several systems, open and closed.

A smart installation based on traditional cabling can be used in the building. In existing – it is easier to set up wireless radio systems. Although the latter is usually more expensive than conventional (cable), it is avoided to forge walls and troublesome for the residents of the renovation.

How to route cables, where to place sensors and any other necessary system components (ie drive motors, actuators, controllers, buttons) should specify the author of the project in detail. Ideally, if it contains a number of detailed designs for specific installations – electrical, alarm, multimedia and, of course, intelligent. Before proceeding with the preparation of the project, an in-depth analysis of the needs and requirements of the residents is necessary.

For users of single-family buildings, the must-have function of intelligent automation is the remote operation of the heating and electrical installations. Usually, it also eagerly includes installations responsible for the safety of the home and its residents, as well as ventilation and air-conditioning installations. Of course, an even more extensive scope of activity is possible.

The control of temperature and air humidity in an intelligent building is based on temperature sensors placed in each room, weather station outside and air humidity sensors. When users leave the house, the system lowers the temperature, closes the windows, and manages the ventilation and air conditioning more economically. After returning home (or ahead of their return), system components start working in a different mode, quickly bringing the room to a comfortable temperature and humidity. The economic mode of operation of the devices can be programmed in rooms rarely used and at night, and the holiday mode – during trips.

In the room, the lamps remotely turn on or off, they shine brighter or dim, thanks to motion sensors (eg PIR type) and light intensity sensors. Outside (in the garden, on the terrace, at the entrance gate and the gate), twilight sensors deal with the regulation of lighting points. In many smart homes, you configure yourself

from selected lighting points, so-called light scenes. They are applicable wherever it is worth creating an individual mood, including in a representative lobby, living room, dining room, kitchen, multimedia room.

So-called light trails are marked out for the effective entry to the property, access to the garage and entrance to the house, or when the residents need to reach the toilet at night (usually dimmed light or soft LED light is used). Additionally, with the help of light, it is possible to simulate presence in the building, this function connects directly with the safety function.

The intelligent system integrates with the alarm system or building monitoring. It is irreplaceable in protection against accidental events caused by fire, fumes, gas, etc. Safety of household and building can guard against numerous motion, smoke, fume and gas sensors (including sleep). The “panic” button installed next to the owner’s bed activates a series of events – it sends information to the security office, it can activate a sound signal or turn on the lights in the building.

An interesting safeguard is access control – residents use an individual card or key, recognizable by the system in their home. A useful solution is a special button, which, when leaving the house, you can turn off all the unnecessary electrical devices during our absence (of course, outside the fridge, boiler, etc.). Thanks to one button, we gain 100% confidence that the iron, oven, coffee machine, induction hob stop working.

During the summer, when the sun is too strong, remote control allows you to relieve ventilation or air conditioning by automatically lowering blinds, roller shutters or awnings over terraces and balconies. In winter, lowering external blinds further protects the interior from frost and supports the heating system.

A huge number of users include in the intelligent system the so-called multiroom, a system of multi-zone sound system and home theater system. Thanks to the integration of the multiroom system with speakers and drivers, installed in every room, they can use modern audio equipment throughout the building. The sound “wanders” with them from room to room.

Automatic watering starts after sending information to the controllers by twilight sensors and soil humidity sensors. A motion sensor near the sprinkler protects garden users from undesired wetting, while the rain sensor blocks the irrigation system during longer rainfall.

Level sensors for septic tank filling, coupled with the intelligent home system, allow avoiding the outflow of waste to the plot. They inform owners (eg with the help of SMS) about the need to call for a slurry tanker. They also work well in rainwater tanks.